Lomandra longifolia

Lomandra longifolia

Lomandra longifolia flower spikeGenus: Lomandra. 

species: longifolia. 

Family: ASPARAGACEAE. 

Common Name: Matt Rush. 

Etymology: Lomandra: from the Greek ‘loma‘ meaning edge, border or fringe and ‘andros’ meaning a male; alluding to the circular margin of the anthers in some species. longifolia: with long leaves

Origin: Cape York, eastern Queensland, eastern N.S.W to Victoria, South Australia and Tasmania.

Description:  Perennial, rhizomatous herb forming rounded grass-like tussocks roughly 1-1.5m tall x 1-1.5m wide.

Foliage: Leaves are glossy green, shiny, firm and flat to slightly concave or convex up to 1m long and 8-12mm wide. Prominent tooth at apex. 

Flowers: The inflorescence is usually a panicle of clusters of sessile flowers. Each cluster has a sharp, slender, straw-coloured bract at its base, which gives it a dense spike-like structure. The inflorescence is usually about half the leaf length (500mm) and individual flowers are about 4mm long. Flowers are scented and dioecious, with the female flowers 4.5mm long and male flowers 4.5mm long, outer sepals shiny, purplish or yellow; inner sepals dull, fleshy, yellow or cream.. Flowering late winter to early spring.

Fruit:  Hard ovoid to globular fruit 5mm long, brown and shiny. fruiting occurs 1-2 months after flowering.

Growth Requirements: Prefers moist, sandy loam soils. Grows naturally in a range of sandy soils, swamps and wet places, creek banks, rocky hillsides, cliffs and open forests.      

Uses: Has an almost endless range of uses due to its hardiness in both full sun or semi-shaded position, wet or dry soils, hot to cold climates and resistance to pest and diseases. Can be used in native gardens, water saving gardens, coastal gardens, wet or boggy areas, sandy soils, soil stabilizer for creek beads or rivers, in pots, as a natural fence against cane toads around dams and ponds and is also of high wildlife value as a shelter for ground fauna and for nectar. The more traditional uses of the Aborigines was for making fine baskets, mats, eel traps, and binding wounds.  

Maintenance: Little to no maintenance is required.     

Propagation: From seed, collect seed capsules from plant, leave on tray to dry for 1-2 weeks before gently hand dislodging seeds from capsules. Seed viability up to 90%.

Lomandra longifolia

References:

  • http://plantnet.rbgsyd.nsw.gov.au.
  • http://theseedsite.co.uk.
  • www.anbg.gov.au.
  • www.florabank.org.au.
About Simon 93 Articles

Simon Schubert is a qualified Horticulturist who enjoys gardening and bush-walking. He has a keen interest in science, the natural world and particularly our environment. He would like to share his experiences and knowledge while learning better practices that will hopefully benefit the future for us all. Please join him on some fun adventures while learning about the life of plants and other interesting facts about our world.

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