Common Name: Fiddle-leaf fig, Banjo fig.
Etymology: Ficus: Latin meaning fig tree. lyrata: referring to the shape similar to a lyre (
Origin: Naturally occurring in Western Africa from Cameroon to Sierra Leone in lowland tropical rainforests.
Description: Ficus lyrata is a spreading evergreen fig that slowly strangles it host tree or can be alternatively a freestanding tree growing to a height of 30m. It is naturally single stemmed (but can be forced in to multi-stems by removing growing tips) and has a root system that is not aggressive like other figs.
Foliage: Large obovate glossy leaves (up to 45cm long and 30cm wide) with prominent veins, undulate, entire leaf margins and hairy underside.
Bark/Trunk: Slim grey brown trunk.
Fruit: Showy, green 2.5-3cm diameter.
Growth Requirements: Full sun to partial shade position with well drained soils in Sub-tropical to tropical climates. Is low maintenance and has few pests. Water sparingly in pots as over-watering can promote lower leaf fall, removing growth tips encourages thickening of plant and trunk, drought tolerant
Uses: Extremely popular as indoor plant due to its ability to grow in low light, large shade tree, street tree.
Propagation: Difficult by seed unless you live in a tropical zone as seeds are fertilized by parasitic wasp only. Air layering, branch and leaf (with petiole) cuttings left in honey and water.