Ficus lyrata

Ficus lyrata Fiddle leaf fig

Ficus lyrata Fiddle leaf fig

Ficus lyrata Fiddle leaf figGenus: Ficus.

Subgenus: Urostigma.

species: lyrata.

Family: MORACEAE.

Common Name: Fiddle-leaf fig, Banjo fig.

Etymology: Ficus: Latin meaning fig tree. lyrata: referring to the shape similar to a lyre (musical instrument of ancient Greece).

Origin: Naturally occurring in Western Africa from Cameroon to Sierra Leone in lowland tropical rainforests.

Description: Ficus lyrata is a spreading evergreen fig that slowly strangles it host tree or can be alternatively a freestanding tree growing to a height of 30m. It is naturally single stemmed (but can be forced in to multi-stems by removing growing tips) and has a root system that is not aggressive like other figs. 

Foliage: Large obovate glossy leaves (up to 45cm long and 30cm wide) with prominent veins, undulate, entire leaf margins and hairy underside.

Bark/Trunk: Slim grey brown trunk.

Flowers: Insignificant. 

Fruit: Showy, green 2.5-3cm diameter.

Growth Requirements: Full sun to partial shade position with well drained soils in Sub-tropical to tropical climates. Is low maintenance and has few pests. Water sparingly in pots as over-watering can promote lower leaf fall, removing growth tips encourages thickening of plant and trunk, drought tolerant

Uses: Extremely popular as indoor plant due to its ability to grow in low light, large shade tree, street tree.

Propagation: Difficult by seed unless you live in a tropical zone as seeds are fertilized by parasitic wasp only. Air layering, branch and leaf (with petiole) cuttings left in honey and water.     

Ficus lyrata Fiddle leaf fig

References:

  • http://forums2.gardenweb.com
  • wikipedia.
  • www.botanical-journeys-plant-guides.com.
  • www.burkesbackyard.com.au.
  • www.dictionary.com.
  • www.learn2grow.com.
About Simon 93 Articles

Simon Schubert is a qualified Horticulturist who enjoys gardening and bush-walking. He has a keen interest in science, the natural world and particularly our environment. He would like to share his experiences and knowledge while learning better practices that will hopefully benefit the future for us all. Please join him on some fun adventures while learning about the life of plants and other interesting facts about our world.

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