Delonix regia

Delonix regia

Delonix regia, Poinciana Bond Uni

Delonix regia, Poinciana flower Genus: Delonix.

species: regia.


Common Name: Poinciana, Flame Tree, Flamboyant.

Etymology: (Delos) – Conspicuous, (onox) – referring to claw-like petals.

Origin: Dry deciduous forests of Western Madagascar (endangered species in natural habitat but widely cultivated).

Description: Tree, almost evergreen (sheds leaves but replaces them almost immediately) growing from 5-10m tall and 15-20m wide. Low, wide spreading branches.

Foliage: Compound, alternate, bipinnate 30-70cm long. 12 to 20 pairs of opposite pinnae.

Bark/Trunk: Relatively smooth, pale brown or grayish coloured bark.

Flowers: Large terminal raceme covering crown of tree. 5 broad petals forming a rotate flower orange through to scarlet with one whitish yellow petal.

Fruit: Pendulous legume to 45cm long.

Growth Requirements: Sub-tropical to Tropical climate. Will tolerate salty and dry conditions and requires free draining sandy to loamy soil rich in organic matter. Will not tolerate heavy clay soil well.

Uses: Shady park or street tree.

Propagation: By seed soaked in warm water for 24 hours and planted in warm, moist soil in sheltered position. Seed can also be nicked to allow water penetration and planted immediately. Semi hardwood cuttings of current or last years growth. This method is slower but ensures tree is true to form.

Delonix regia, Poinciana leaf

Sources of information:

  • own horticultural notes.
  • photography by Simon Schubert.
  • Wikipedia.
About Simon 93 Articles

Simon Schubert is a qualified Horticulturist who enjoys gardening and bush-walking. He has a keen interest in science, the natural world and particularly our environment. He would like to share his experiences and knowledge while learning better practices that will hopefully benefit the future for us all. Please join him on some fun adventures while learning about the life of plants and other interesting facts about our world.

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