Common Name: Tuckeroo (named by Aboriginals), carrotwood, beach tamarind, Green-leaved tamarind.
Etymology: Cupaniopsis: From Latin Cupania, referring to the close relationship of these Australian and New Caledonian species to Cupania. anacardioides: Resembling Anacardium.
Origin: Mid New South Wales, Queensland, Northern Territory, Western Australia and New Guinea growing in littoral rainforest areas. Considered a invasive weed species in Hawaii and Florida.
Description: Tree up to 10m in rainforest situation, much less in exposed coastal conditions. Wide spreading crown on short trunk in cultivation.
Foliage: Pinnate, ovate to oblong. Alternate with entire margins 15-25cm long. Deep green with pink new growth.
Bark/Trunk: Dark grey-brown, smooth or with raised horizontal stripes.
Flowers: Loose, pendulous panicles of greenish yellow cup shaped flowers. Flowers in winter.
Fruit: Massed orange/yellow globular fruit 12-20mm across with partially divided lobes that contain shiny black seed in each. Ripening November to December.
Growth Requirements: Prefers well drained, moist, moderate soils but will tolerate almost any soil clay to sandy, acid to alkaline. Prefers subtropical zone but will tolerate much colder climates providing minimal frost.
Uses: Ideal medium sized shade tree, exposed coastal conditions, hardy street tree, poor soils, screen, windbreak, bee attracting, fig bird and currawong attracting. The Tuckaroo is fast growing and an excellent pioneer plant in its native area.
Propagation: Propagates easily by seed.
Sources of information:
- Australian Trees by Leonard Cronin.
- Own horticultural TAFE notes.
- Photography by Simon Schubert.