Acuminate: tapering to a point.
Allelopathic: biological phenomenon by which an organism produces one or more biochemicals that influence the germination, growth, survival, and reproduction of other organisms.

Alternate Anther Alternate:
Arranged one by one along a stem, not opposite.


Anther: The top end of the stamen, bearing pollen.



Apex: Tip.

Apiculate: ending abruptly in a small distinct point.


axil Axil: The upper angle between leaf and stem or branch.Axilary


Axillary: Arising from the axil.



Banyan: Fig tree that produces wide-ranging aerial roots which later become accessory trunks.



bilabiateBipinnate Bilabiate: Having two lips or lip-like parts.


A leaf twice pinnately divided.



bractCalyx Bract:
Modified leaf or scale, typically small, with a flower or flower cluster in its axil.



Calyx: Outer whorl of flower , consisting of sepals.


Campanulate: Bell-shaped.


carpelCarpel: The female part of a flower usually comprising stigma, style and ovary.



Catkins: a downy, hanging flowering spike of trees pollinated by the wind.


 compound leaf Capture conical (Large)Compound:
Consisting of several similar parts.


Cone shaped.


Coniferous: Various mostly needle-leaved or scale-leaved, chiefly evergreen, cone-bearing gymnospermous trees or shrubs of the order Coniferales.

Concave Convex Concave: 
 Curving in or hollowed inward.



Convex: Curving out or hollowed outward.


Copigmentation: A chemical association between a pigment molecule and colourless molecule that results in altered absorption characteristics of the pigment

Coppice: Ancient form of woodland management, that involves repetitive felling on the same stump, near to ground level, and allowing the shoots to regrow from that main stump. Multiple stems grow out of the stump, which arise from dormant buds on the stool.

Cultivation (of plants): The act of caring for and raising plants.


cymedeciduous Cyme: a flower cluster with a central stem bearing a single terminal flower that develops first, the other flowers in the cluster developing as terminal buds of lateral stems.


Deciduous: Shedding of leaves seasonally or during certain stages of development.


Dehiscent: In Botany it means a built weakness in plant structure, (eg fruit) to allow opening at maturity and release of contents (eg seed).

Dioecious: Distinct male and female reproductive organs on separate individuals of the same species.



Elliptical: A plane surface shaped like an ellipse. epicalyx


Epicalyx: An involucre resembling the calyx but consisting of a whorl of bracts that is exterior to the calyx or results from the union of the sepal appendages.


Etymology: The study of the history of words, their origins and how their form and meaning have changed over time.

Epiphyte: A plant that grows on another plant that is not parasitic to it’s host (eg ferns, bromeliads, air plants, and orchids).

Evergreen: Relating to or denoting a plant that retains green leaves throughout the entire year.

filament Filament: Stalk bearing the anther.


Follicle: A dry fruit formed from a single carpel and opens on one side only to release its seeds.



Funnelform: Shaped like a funnel.

Glabrous: Smooth.

Globular: Globe shaped, spherical or nearly so.

Hermaphrodite (of plant): A plant with both stamens and pistils.

Humus: Organic component of soil, formed by the decomposition of leaves and other plant material by soil microorganisms.

Indehiscent: Not splitting open to release the seeds when ripe.

Inflorescence: The flowering structure of a plant.

Involucre: a whorl or rosette of bracts surrounding an inflorescence.

Insectivorous: Carnivorous plant that derive some or most of it nutrients from trapping and consuming insects and other arthropods.

Lanceolate: Lance shaped, tapered to point at both ends, broadest below the middle, about 4 time as long as broad.

Lamina: the blade or expanded portion of a leaf.

Legume: A long seed pod of a leguminous plant (e.g beans, lentils).

Liana: Woody climbing plant that hangs from trees.

Linear: Long and narrow with nearly parallel margins.

Lobe: Rounded or pointed division of a leaf; the sepal or petal of a flower.

Merous: Having a specified number of parts.

Monoecius: Having both the male and female reproductive organs in the same individual.

Obcordate: Leaf in the shape of a heart with pointed end at the base.

Oblaceolate leaf


Oblanceolate: Lance shaped with the end at the base.


Oblong: Having roughly parallel sides, longer than broad with a rounded tip.



Obovate: Almost ovate, but broader towards the tip.

Orbicular: More or less circular in outline.

Osier: Eurasian willow which grows mostly in wet habitats. It is usually coppiced, being a major source of the long flexible shoots (withies) used in basketwork.

Ovate: Egg shaped, broadest below the middle.

Ovoid: More or less egg shaped.

Palmate: A leaf divided into three or more leaflets or lobes arising from a common point.

Panicle: A much branched inflorescence.

Peduncle: the stalk bearing a flower or fruit, or the main stalk of an inflorescence.

Pendulous: hanging downwards.

Perennial: A plant living more than 2 years.

Petioles: A stalk that joins a leaf to a stem.

Phalanges: A bundle of stamens joined together by their stalks.

Pinnate: A compound leaf with leaflets on opposite sides of a common leaf stalk.

Pistil: Female organs of a flower, comprising the stigma, style, and ovary.

Propagate: To cause (an organism) to multiply by any process of natural reproduction from parent stock.

Prostrate plantProstrate: Growing along the ground.


Rachis:  The main shaft of either a compound leaf, head of grain or fern frond. 



Racemes: a flower cluster with the separate flowers attached by short equal stalks at equal distances along an unbranched

axis. The flowers at the base of the central stem develop first.

Rhizome: a continuously growing horizontal underground stem which puts out lateral shoots and adventitious roots at intervals.

Rosette: A circular arrangement of leaves, with all the leaves at a similar length, plant is usually prostrate.

Scapes: A long internode that typically takes the form of a long, leafless flowering stem rising directly from plant.

Sepal: A segment of the outer wall of the flower.

Sessile: Attached directly by its base without a stalk or peduncle.

Shrub: A woody, perennial plant with several stems growing from the base, without a single trunk as in a tree.

Simple (of Leaves): A leaf whose’s blade is not divided to the midrib even though lobed.

Spatulate: Shaped like a spatula, tapering from a round tip to narrow base.

Stamen: Male part of a flower comprising filament and anther.

Stellate: (of plants): Star shaped.

Stolon: a creeping horizontal plant stem or runner that takes root at points along its length to form new plants.

Tendril: Slender appendage of a climbing plant, often growing in a spiral form, which stretches out and twines round any suitable support.

Terminal: At the end.

Tomentose: Flattened or matted hairs.

Toothed: Serrated edge.

Trifoliate: Having three leaflets.

Tubercles (of plants):  round nodule, small eminence or outgrowth found on external or internal organs of a plant.

Tussocks: a small area of grass that is thicker or longer than the grass growing around it.

Whorl: A group of three or more structures encircling an axis at the same level.

Mossman Gorge NP
Mossman Gorge NP


  • Google dictionary.
  • Leonard Cronin (Key Guide).
  • Wikipedia.